Value adding in the agri-food value chain: Research article

Maria Emilia Cucagna, Peter D. Goldsmith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Global agricultural markets reflect the increasing complexity of modern consumer demand for food safety and quality. This demand has triggered changes throughout the food industry, and led to greater opportunities for product differentiation and the potential to add value to raw commodities. Greater differentiation and value adding over time has in turn dramatically changed the price spread or marketing bill between the farm value of products and the retail value. Thus a significantly greater percentage of the final price paid by consumers is now garnered down chain rather than up chain over the last 20 years. This apparent shifting of value creation or addition, as measured by the marketing margin, has invigorated empirical questions as to where, and how much value, is created along the agri-food value chain. First we define value creation/adding, and then we estimate the economic value added for 454 firms. We validate our findings by creating and employing three additional value creation measures - the modified economic value added, the creation or destruction of value, and the persistence of value creation. Finally we estimate value creation at each node of the value chain, measure the relative differences among firms and nodes, and estimate a model measuring the drivers of value adding.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-316
Number of pages24
JournalInternational Food and Agribusiness Management Review
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2018


  • Agribusiness
  • Agricultural
  • Food
  • Value adding
  • Value chain
  • Value creation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Business and International Management


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