Valley splitting and polarization by the zeeman effect in monolayer MoSe2

Yilei Li, Jonathan Ludwig, Tony Low, Alexey Chernikov, Xu Cui, Ghidewon Arefe, Young Duck Kim, Arend M. Van Der Zande, Albert Rigosi, Heather M. Hill, Suk Hyun Kim, James Hone, Zhiqiang Li, Dmitry Smirnov, Tony F. Heinz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We have measured circularly polarized photoluminescence in monolayer MoSe2 under perpendicular magnetic fields up to 10 T. At low doping densities, the neutral and charged excitons shift linearly with field strength at a rate of 0.12meV/T for emission arising, respectively, from the K and K′ valleys. The opposite sign for emission from different valleys demonstrates lifting of the valley degeneracy. The magnitude of the Zeeman shift agrees with predicted magnetic moments for carriers in the conduction and valence bands. The relative intensity of neutral and charged exciton emission is modified by the magnetic field, reflecting the creation of field-induced valley polarization. At high doping levels, the Zeeman shift of the charged exciton increases to 0.18meV/T. This enhancement is attributed to many-body effects on the binding energy of the charged excitons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number266804
JournalPhysical review letters
Volume113
Issue number26
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 23 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Zeeman effect
valleys
excitons
polarization
shift
magnetic fields
field strength
conduction bands
magnetic moments
binding energy
valence
photoluminescence
augmentation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Li, Y., Ludwig, J., Low, T., Chernikov, A., Cui, X., Arefe, G., ... Heinz, T. F. (2014). Valley splitting and polarization by the zeeman effect in monolayer MoSe2. Physical review letters, 113(26), [266804]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.266804

Valley splitting and polarization by the zeeman effect in monolayer MoSe2. / Li, Yilei; Ludwig, Jonathan; Low, Tony; Chernikov, Alexey; Cui, Xu; Arefe, Ghidewon; Kim, Young Duck; Van Der Zande, Arend M.; Rigosi, Albert; Hill, Heather M.; Kim, Suk Hyun; Hone, James; Li, Zhiqiang; Smirnov, Dmitry; Heinz, Tony F.

In: Physical review letters, Vol. 113, No. 26, 266804, 23.12.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Li, Y, Ludwig, J, Low, T, Chernikov, A, Cui, X, Arefe, G, Kim, YD, Van Der Zande, AM, Rigosi, A, Hill, HM, Kim, SH, Hone, J, Li, Z, Smirnov, D & Heinz, TF 2014, 'Valley splitting and polarization by the zeeman effect in monolayer MoSe2', Physical review letters, vol. 113, no. 26, 266804. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.266804
Li, Yilei ; Ludwig, Jonathan ; Low, Tony ; Chernikov, Alexey ; Cui, Xu ; Arefe, Ghidewon ; Kim, Young Duck ; Van Der Zande, Arend M. ; Rigosi, Albert ; Hill, Heather M. ; Kim, Suk Hyun ; Hone, James ; Li, Zhiqiang ; Smirnov, Dmitry ; Heinz, Tony F. / Valley splitting and polarization by the zeeman effect in monolayer MoSe2. In: Physical review letters. 2014 ; Vol. 113, No. 26.
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AU - Li, Yilei

AU - Ludwig, Jonathan

AU - Low, Tony

AU - Chernikov, Alexey

AU - Cui, Xu

AU - Arefe, Ghidewon

AU - Kim, Young Duck

AU - Van Der Zande, Arend M.

AU - Rigosi, Albert

AU - Hill, Heather M.

AU - Kim, Suk Hyun

AU - Hone, James

AU - Li, Zhiqiang

AU - Smirnov, Dmitry

AU - Heinz, Tony F.

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AB - We have measured circularly polarized photoluminescence in monolayer MoSe2 under perpendicular magnetic fields up to 10 T. At low doping densities, the neutral and charged excitons shift linearly with field strength at a rate of 0.12meV/T for emission arising, respectively, from the K and K′ valleys. The opposite sign for emission from different valleys demonstrates lifting of the valley degeneracy. The magnitude of the Zeeman shift agrees with predicted magnetic moments for carriers in the conduction and valence bands. The relative intensity of neutral and charged exciton emission is modified by the magnetic field, reflecting the creation of field-induced valley polarization. At high doping levels, the Zeeman shift of the charged exciton increases to 0.18meV/T. This enhancement is attributed to many-body effects on the binding energy of the charged excitons.

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