To understand the dynamics of mental health, it is essential to develop measures for the frequency and the patterning of mental processes in every-day-life situations. The Experience-Sampling Method (ESM) is an attempt to provide a valid instrument to describe variations in self-reports of mental processes. It can be used to obtain empirical data on the following types of variables: (a) frequency and patterning of daily activity, social interaction, and changes in location; (b) frequency, intensity, and patterning of psychological states, i.e., emotional, cognitive, and conative dimensions of experience; (c) frequency and patterning of thoughts, including quality and intensity of thought disturbance. The article reviews practical and methodological issues of the ESM and presents evidence for its short- and long-term reliability when used as an instrument for assessing the variables outlined above.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Flow and the Foundations of Positive Psychology|
|Subtitle of host publication||The Collected Works of Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi|
|Number of pages||20|
|ISBN (Print)||9401790876, 9789401790871|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas