Validation of a major QTL for scab resistance with SSR markers and use of marker-assisted selection in wheat

W. C. Zhou, F. L. Kolb, G. H. Bai, L. L. Domier, L. K. Boze, N. J. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to validate the major quantitative trait locus (QTL) for scab resistance on the short arm of chromosome 3B in bread wheat and to isolate near-isogenic lines for this QTL using marker-assisted selection (MAS). Two resistant by susceptible populations, both using 'Ning7840' as the source of resistance, were developed to examine the effect of the 3BS QTL in different genetic backgrounds. Data for scab resistance and simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers linked to the resistance QTL were analyzed in the F2:3 lines of one population and in the F3:4 lines of the other. Markers linked to the major QTL on chromosome 3BS in the original mapping population ('Ning7840'/'Clark') were closely associated with scab resistance in both validation populations. Marker-assisted selection for the QTL with the SSR markers combined with phenotypic selection was more effective than selection based solely on phenotypic evaluation in early generations. Marker-assisted selection of the major QTL during the seedling stage plus phenotypic selection after flowering effectively identified scab resistant lines in this experiment. Near-isogenic lines for this 3BS QTL were isolated from the F6 generation of the cross 'Ning7840'/'IL89-7978' based on two flanking SSR markers, Xgwm389 and Xbarc147. Based on these results, MAS for the major scab resistance QTL can improve selection efficiency and may facilitate stacking of scab resistance genes from different sources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-46
Number of pages7
JournalPlant Breeding
Volume122
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2003

Keywords

  • Fusarium head blight
  • Near-isogenic lines
  • SSR markers
  • Triticum aestivum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science

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