Validation of a blocking enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of antibodies against porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus

Neal H. Ferrin, Ying Fang, Craig R. Johnson, Michael P. Murtaugh, Dale D. Polson, Montserrat Torremorell, Marie L. Gramer, Eric A. Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) continues to be one of the most significant diseases of swine. IDEXX HerdChek PRRS, a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), has become the industry standard for the detection of antibodies against PRRS virus (PRRSV). The need to accurately determine the PRRSV serostatus of herds and individual animals has prompted the development of several follow-up assay methods. A highly specific and repeatable blocking ELISA (bELISA) was developed on the basis of the use of an expressed PRRSV nucleocapsid (N) protein as the antigen and a biotinylated monoclonal antibody. Validation of the bELISA used sera from 316 animals experimentally and naturally infected with North American PRRSV and sera from 370 uninfected animals. Receiver operating characteristic analysis of the data calculated a diagnostic sensitivity of 97.8% and a diagnostic specificity of 100%. The between-run coefficient of variation of an internal quality control serum was 4.24%. The bELISA was able to detect seroconversion as well as the IDEXX ELISA and the indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA) assay; kappa values were 0.94 and 0.96, respectively. A collection of 133 serum samples with unexpected positive IDEXX ELISA results was obtained from 4,038 diagnostic samples submitted from farms from which PRRS-negative results were expected. The bELISA identified 97% of the samples as PRRS seronegative, while the IFA identified 100% as seronegative. The anticipated use of the bELISA is as a follow-up test to the IDEXX ELISA for determining the PRRSV serostatus of individual animals with unexpected positive test results from swine herds from which negative results are expected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)503-514
Number of pages12
JournalClinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Microbiology (medical)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Validation of a blocking enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of antibodies against porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this