Utilization of energy and amino acids of spray-dried egg, plasma protein, and soybean meal by ducks

S. E. Norberg, R. N. Dilger, H. Dong, B. G. Harmon, O. Adeola, M. A. Latour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A study was conducted to determine AMEn, TMEn, apparent amino acid digestibility (AAAD), and true amino acid digestibility (TAAD) of spray-dried egg (SDE), plasma protein (PP), and soybean meal (SBM). AMEn and TMEn values for ducks fed SDE were higher (P ≤ 0.001) than for ducks fed PP, which were higher than SBM. The AMEn values were 5.048, 3.230, and 2.605 kcal/ g for SDE, PP, and SBM, respectively, with TMEn values of 5.373, 3.555, and 2.930 kcal/g, respectively. Spray-dried egg, PP, and SBM were similar in apparent digestibility of the indispensable amino acids except for methionine, histidine, and valine. Apparent methionine digestibility in SDE (95.5%) was higher (P ≤ 0.01) than PP (88.3%) or SBM (91.3%). Apparent digestibilities of dispensable amino acids were similar for SDE, PP, and SBM except proline and alanine. Apparent alanine digestibility in SDE (89.9%) was higher (P ≤ 0.05) than in SBM (85.7%). True digestibilities of indispensable amino acids were similar in SDE, PP, and SBM except for methionine, histidine, and valine. True methionine digestibility was higher (P ≤ 0.05) for SDE (97.0%) than for PP (89.8%) or SBM (92.7%), with PP and SBM being similar. True histidine and valine digestibilities were significantly lower for SDE (P ≤ 0.05) than for PP or SBM. True digestibilities of the dispensable amino acids were also similar in SDE, PP, and SBM except for proline and alanine. This study demonstrates that the energy value of SDE is greater than that of PP or SBM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)939-945
Number of pages7
JournalPoultry science
Volume83
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Amino acid digestibility
  • Duck
  • Plasma protein
  • Spray-dried egg
  • Total metabolizable energy bioassay

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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