Utilization of different soy products as affected by age in chicks

A. B. Batal, C. M. Parsons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the utilization of several different soy products at different ages in New Hampshire x Columbian male chicks. Six pens of eight chicks were fed dextrose-protein source diets (23% CP) containing 1 of 10 different protein sources from 0 to 21 d of age. Excreta were collected at 0 to 2, 3 to 4, 7, 14, and 21 d of age, and AMEn and amino acid (AA) digestibility were determined using acid-insoluble ash as a marker. Protein sources evaluated were as follows: Experiment 1 - casein, soybean meal (SBM), soy protein concentrate (SPC), and soy protein isolate (SPI); Experiment 2 - raw soyflakes, SBM, Williams 82 soybeans, heated Williams 82 soybeans, Kunitz-free soybeans (reduced trypsin inhibitor), lectin-free soybeans, and Kunitz/lectin-free soybeans. In Experiment 1, when comparing the MEn and AA digestibility values among diets at the same age, the ranking (from highest to lowest) for the four diets was casein, SPI, SPC, SBM. The MEn values increased (P < 0.05) with age for all four diets, with the increase being much smaller for the casein diet (3%) than the soy diets (mean increase of 13%). In Experiment 2, the SBM diet yielded the highest (P < 0.05) growth performance, MEn, and AA digestibility values. The MEn and AA digestibility values of the Williams 82 soybeans, Kunitz-free soybeans, and lectin-free soybeans diets were much lower than those for the SBM diet. In general, the Kunitz/lectin-free soybeans yielded higher growth performance and MEn values than the Williams 82 soybeans, Kunitz-free soybeans, and lectin-free soybeans. The MEn values increased with age for most diets, and AA digestibility increased with age for the soy flake and Kunitz/ lectin-free soybean diets. Our results suggest there may be some potential benefits of feeding SPC or SPI during the first 1 to 3 wk posthatching and that underprocessed (under heated) soybeans should not be included in the diets of very young chicks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)454-462
Number of pages9
JournalPoultry science
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2003


  • Age
  • Amino acid digestibility
  • Metabolizable energy
  • Soybean
  • Soybean meal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology


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