Utilization of alkaline hydrogen peroxide-treated wheat straw in cattle growing and finishing diets.

C. L. Willms, L. L. Berger, N. R. Merchen, G. C. Fahey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Two experiments were conducted to evaluate alkaline hydrogen peroxide-treated wheat straw (AHPWS) in cattle growing (Exp. 1) and finishing (Exp. 2) diets. In Exp. 1, 162 crossbred steers (257 kg) were fed 66% roughage diets in an 84-d growth trial to compare AHPWS to corn silage (CS) and to evaluate different supplemental CP sources and levels. A completely randomized design with a 3 x 3 factorial arrangement of treatments was used. Factors were roughage source (CS, a 1:1 mixture of CS:AHPWS [MIX] and AHPWS) and CP treatment (13 and 11% CP with supplemental CP provided by soybean meal [13-SBM] and [11-SBM] and 11% CP with a combination of urea, corn gluten meal, and fish meal [UGF]). Lasalocid was fed at the rate of 200 mg per steer daily. Steers fed AHPWS had decreased (P less than .01) DMI compared with steers fed MIX and CS. This may be due to increased dietary Na from residual Na in AHPWS. With each incremental increase in AHPWS, ADG and gain/feed decreased (P less than .01). Dry matter intakes (kg/d), ADG (kg), and gain/feed for CS, MIX, and AHPWS were 8.0, 1.56, and .19; 8.2, 1.33, and .16; and 7.5, 1.08, and .14, respectively. Decreased performance by steers fed AHPWS may be due, in part, to a negative interaction between the lasalocid and dietary minerals. There were no differences in performance due to CP supplementation. In Exp. 2, AHPWS was compared to alfalfa hay (AH) and CS at 10 and 20% of dietary DM (2 x 3 factorial) in a 127-d finishing trial with 108 crossbred steers (341 kg).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3917-3924
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume69
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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