Using Machine Learning to Predict the Seismic Response of an SDOF RC Structure with Superelastic Dampers

Tianyu Shao, Bassem Andrawes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study investigates the efficacy of using an artificial neural network (ANN) to predict the seismic response of a single degree of freedom (SDOF) system comprising a reinforced concrete (RC) column supporting a mass and equipped with a superelastic shape memory alloy (SMA) damper. Nonlinear time history simulations are first conducted to build the training dataset for the ANN by analyzing the structural response under 200 ground motion (GM) records. Properties of the column, the SMA damper, and the GM records are considered as input parameters while the maximum mass displacement is the output parameter. The neural network is then trained and used to make predictions on the structural response under different GM records. The results show that using only 200 records, the root-mean-square error (RMSE) and the average error of the prediction can be as low as 0.1012 and 6.55%, respectively. Parametric studies are conducted next using the developed ANN to investigate the accuracy of the network’s predictions and its ability to capture the impact of a wide range of structural, SMA, and ground motion parameters on the structural response. The results show that the network can predict the structural response under different ambient temperatures and predict the area of the SMA damper needed to achieve a target structural drift. The results of this study demonstrate the potential of using ANNs to predict the seismic behavior of concrete structural systems with superelastic SMA dampers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Civil Engineering
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Concrete
  • Damping
  • Machine learning
  • Self-centering
  • Shape memory alloy
  • Superelasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering

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