Using hydrogeology to site wetland compensation

Michael V. Miller, Christine S. Fucciolo, James J. Miner

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


In the conterminous United States, it is estimated that 53% of pre-settlement wetlands were lost between 1780 and 1980; in Illinois, as in much of the Midwest cornbelt, wetland loss climbs to 90% for the same period. While the loss of wetland acreage is less than in the past, a net loss of the wetland resource continues. Wetland compensation projects have contributed to this net loss both in subtle functional shifts of wetland types and outright project failure. In our experience, failures of compensation projects are often attributable to improper hydrologic conditions to sustain a wetland habitat. Poor site-selection, poor design, poor construction methods, and inadequate management can lead to improper hydrologic conditions. While it may be possible to overcome poor site selection with herculean efforts in engineering, construction, and management, increased costs and project failure usually ensue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEngineering Approaches to Ecosystem Restoration
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)0784403821, 9780784403822
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998
EventWetlands Engineering and River Restoration Conference 1998 - Denver, CO, United States
Duration: Mar 22 1998Mar 27 1998

Publication series

NameEngineering Approaches to Ecosystem Restoration


OtherWetlands Engineering and River Restoration Conference 1998
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityDenver, CO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecological Modeling


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