Using GIS to integrate social factors with level 3 PRA for emergency response

I. M. Miller, J. Pence, Z. Mohaghegh, J. V. Whitacre, E. Kee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Explicit incorporation of social and organizational factors into Level 1 Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) has been improved theoretically and methodologically and is now in the development stage for application at Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs). The goal of this study is to initiate a similar paradigm for Level 3 PRA. Explicit incorporation of location-specifi c social factors into Level 3 PRA can drastically aff ect decisions related to emergency planning, preparedness, and response. The population’s response to a radiological accident, e.g., the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi NPP, demonstrated that understanding the social makeup of the population in the vicinity of NPPs can give policy makers valuable information regarding the eff ects of their decisions. This research presents a fi rst-time approach for combining a nuclear accident consequence code, MACCS2, with the Social Vulnerability Index utilizing Geographic Information Systems to explicitly consider social factors of the local population in risk models for severe NPP accidents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSafety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems - Proceedings of the 25th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2015
EditorsEnrico Zio, Luca Podofillini, Wolfgang Kröger, Bruno Sudret, Božidar Stojadinović
PublisherCRC Press/Balkema
Pages3927-3934
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9781138028791
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Event25th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2015 - Zurich, Swaziland
Duration: Sep 7 2015Sep 10 2015

Publication series

NameSafety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems - Proceedings of the 25th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2015

Other

Other25th European Safety and Reliability Conference, ESREL 2015
CountrySwaziland
CityZurich
Period9/7/159/10/15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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