Using early language outcomes to predict later language ability in children with cochlear implants

Marcia J. Hay-McCutcheon, Karen Iler Kirk, Shirley C. Henning, Sujuan Gao, Rong Qi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The increased access to sound that cochlear implants have provided to profoundly deaf children has allowed them to develop English speech and language skills more successfully than using hearing aids alone. The purpose of this study was to determine how well early postimplant language skills were able to predict later language ability. Thirty children who received a cochlear implant between the years 1991 and 2000 were study participants. The Reynell Developmental Language Scales (RDLS) and the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals (CELF) were used as language measures. Results revealed that early receptive language skills as measured using the RDLS were good predictors of later core language ability assessed by the CELF. Alternatively, early expressive language skills were not found to be good predictors of later language performance. The age at which a child received an implant was found to have a significant impact on the early language measures, but not the later language measure, or on the ability of the RDLS to predict performance on the CELF measure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)370-378
Number of pages9
JournalAudiology and Neurotology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Oct 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Cochlear implants
  • Expressive language
  • Receptive language
  • Speech perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Speech and Hearing


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