Use of geopolymeric cements as a refractory adhesive for metal and ceramic joins

Jonathan Bell, Matthew Gordon, Waltraud M Kriven

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Geopolymer cements (GPs) possess the ability to form high-strength, thermally-stable, and near-net shape structures at room temperature. It has been found that GPs can also be used to bond both metals and ceramics. Unlike organics, geopolymers can be heated to elevated temperatures and are easier to apply as compared to refractory adhesives. Many refractory adhesives require at least one, if not multiple curing steps, at elevated temperatures before they can be used in service. Geopolymers, however, need only be cured once at relatively low temperatures (40 - 80°C) to complete their curing process. Geopolymers contain no organic carriers often found in refractory adhesives, and can be processed from inexpensive and relatively non-toxic materials, i.e. waterglass and calcined aluminosilicate clays. This study details how geopolymer cements can be used to bond 6061-T6 aluminum alloy, 1008/1010 steel, alumina, and borosilicate glass at both ambient and elevated temperatures (25 - 450°C). Shear strength values of various samples were determined according to ASTM D1002-01 (single) and ASTM D3528-96 (double) shear lap tests. The microstructure and chemical composition of the geopolymer bond as well as interface were studied with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) in the SEM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)407-413
Number of pages7
JournalCeramic Engineering and Science Proceedings
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2005
Event29th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites - Cocoa Beach, FL, United States
Duration: Jan 23 2005Jan 28 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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