A 6-month-old male Quarter Horse was evaluated for chronic respiratory tract disease. Diagnostic investigations revealed pulmonary inflammation; Pneumocystis carinii was detected within macrophages. Lymphocyte subpopulation phenotyping and immunoglobulin concentration analysis were performed and results suggested immune suppression. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole administration was initiated; the colt was discharged but was reexamined 8 days later because of profuse diarrhea and endotoxemia. Bacterial culture of feces recovered Salmonella spp resistant to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and a diagnosis of antimicrobial-associated colitis was made. Bilateral fibrinous hypopyon developed and was treated with topical medication and intracameral injections of human recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. Dapsone (3 mg/kg [1.4 mg/lb], PO, q 24 h; dose extrapolated from human data) was administered for treatment of P carinii pneumonia (56-day treatment period). The colt recovered from the pneumonia and diarrhea. Dapsone may be a useful adjunct to traditional treatment for P carinii pneumonia in horses or as a sole medication for horses that cannot tolerate other treatments.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2004|
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