Use of biomineralisation in developing smart concrete inspired by nature

Bin Zhang, Zeynep Basaran Bundur, Paramita Mondal, Raissa Douglas Ferron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Recently, interest has focused on leveraging the biological functions of microorganisms to develop smart cement-based materials. This paper provides an overview of the calcium carbonate biomineralisation process in nature and presents a review of the work conducted by various groups around the world on biogenic calcium carbonate formation as it relates to the hydration, microstructure, properties, and performance of cement-based materials. Promises and concerns of applying biomineralisation in cement-based materials are also discussed, and directions for future research are explored.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-60
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Journal of Materials and Structural Integrity
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - 2015


  • Bio-inspired
  • Biomineralisation
  • Self-healing
  • Smart concrete

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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