Use of an azido-ubiquinone derivative to identify subunit I as the ubiquinol binding site of the cytochrome d terminal oxidase complex of Escherichia coli

F. D. Yang, L. Yu, C. A. Yu, R. M. Lorence, Robert B Gennis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The radiolabeled, photoreactive azido-ubiquinone derivative (azido-Q), 3-azido-2-methyl-5-methoxy-6-(3,7-dimethyl-[3H]octyl)-1,4- benzoquinone, was used to investigate the active site of ubiquinol oxidase activity of the cytochrome d complex, a two-subunit terminal oxidase of Escherichia coli. The azido-Q, when reduced by dithioerythritol, was shown to support enzymatic oxygen consumption by the cytochrome d complex that was 8% of the rate observed with ubiquinol-1. This observation provided the rationale behind further studies of the possible photoinactivation and labeling of the active site by this azido-Q. Ten min of photolysis of the purified cytochrome d complex in the presence of the azido-Q resulted in a 60% loss of the ubiquinol-1 oxidase activity. Uptake of the radiolabeled azido-Q by the cytochrome d complex was correlated to the photoinactivation of the ubiquinol-1 oxidase activity. Both increased linearly during the first 4 min of photolysis and reached 90% of the maximum within 10 min. Photolysis times longer than 10 min resulted in no increase in the maximum of 2 mol of azido-Q incorporated per mol of enzyme. The rate of azido-Q uptake by subunit I, but not subunit II, correlated well with the rate of loss of ubiquinol oxidase activity. Use of ubiquinol-0, which is not oxidized by the enzyme, to competitively inhibit radiolabeling of nonspecific binding sites, resulted in a significant decrease (42%) of azido-Q labeling of subunit II while it did not affect the labeling of subunit I. After photolysis for 4 min, the ratio of radiolabeled azido-Q in subunits I to II of the complex was 4.3 to 1.0. These observations support the conclusion that the ubiquinol substrate binding site is located on subunit I of the cytochrome d complex.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14987-14990
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume261
Issue number32
StatePublished - Dec 1 1986
Externally publishedYes

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Cytochrome d Group
Ubiquinone
Escherichia coli
Oxidoreductases
Binding Sites
Derivatives
Photolysis
Labeling
Catalytic Domain
Dithioerythritol
ubiquinol
Enzymes
Oxygen Consumption
Oxygen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Use of an azido-ubiquinone derivative to identify subunit I as the ubiquinol binding site of the cytochrome d terminal oxidase complex of Escherichia coli. / Yang, F. D.; Yu, L.; Yu, C. A.; Lorence, R. M.; Gennis, Robert B.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 261, No. 32, 01.12.1986, p. 14987-14990.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The radiolabeled, photoreactive azido-ubiquinone derivative (azido-Q), 3-azido-2-methyl-5-methoxy-6-(3,7-dimethyl-[3H]octyl)-1,4- benzoquinone, was used to investigate the active site of ubiquinol oxidase activity of the cytochrome d complex, a two-subunit terminal oxidase of Escherichia coli. The azido-Q, when reduced by dithioerythritol, was shown to support enzymatic oxygen consumption by the cytochrome d complex that was 8{\%} of the rate observed with ubiquinol-1. This observation provided the rationale behind further studies of the possible photoinactivation and labeling of the active site by this azido-Q. Ten min of photolysis of the purified cytochrome d complex in the presence of the azido-Q resulted in a 60{\%} loss of the ubiquinol-1 oxidase activity. Uptake of the radiolabeled azido-Q by the cytochrome d complex was correlated to the photoinactivation of the ubiquinol-1 oxidase activity. Both increased linearly during the first 4 min of photolysis and reached 90{\%} of the maximum within 10 min. Photolysis times longer than 10 min resulted in no increase in the maximum of 2 mol of azido-Q incorporated per mol of enzyme. The rate of azido-Q uptake by subunit I, but not subunit II, correlated well with the rate of loss of ubiquinol oxidase activity. Use of ubiquinol-0, which is not oxidized by the enzyme, to competitively inhibit radiolabeling of nonspecific binding sites, resulted in a significant decrease (42{\%}) of azido-Q labeling of subunit II while it did not affect the labeling of subunit I. After photolysis for 4 min, the ratio of radiolabeled azido-Q in subunits I to II of the complex was 4.3 to 1.0. These observations support the conclusion that the ubiquinol substrate binding site is located on subunit I of the cytochrome d complex.",
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