Use of a sequencing batch reactor for nitrogen and phosphorus removal from municipal wastewater

J. Y. Hu, S. L. Ong, W. J. Ng, Wen-Tso Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study, a suspended growth sequencing batch reactor (SBR) and an attached cum suspended growth SBR were used to investigate the performance characteristics of nitrogen and phosphorus (NP) removal from municipal sewage. The effects of three controlling factors, namely batch loading rate, feed pattern (initial feed or step feed), and mixing/ aeration ratio, on NP removal were investigated under nine different experimental conditions. Owing to a large number of possible combinations among the controlling factors and different experimental conditions, it is very difficult to enumerate all the available combinations experimentally. In view of this, the Taguchi method, a cost-effective technique for design of experiments, was exploited for estimating the optimal operating condition. This study also evaluated the difference between the suspended growth SBR and the attached cum suspended growth SBR. The total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP), total biochemical oxygen demand (TBOD)5, and suspended solids (SS) removal efficiencies were 90.2, 83.9, 98.6, and 93.0%, respectively, for the suspended growth SBR. The corresponding values for the attached cum suspended growth SBR were 92.6, 82.1, 98.3, and 93.1%, respectively. It was observed that the batch loading rate influenced the efficiencies in terms of TN removal. It was also noted that step feed and mixing/aeration ratio had significant impact on TP removal performance. The optimal operating condition for the suspended growth SBR system in terms of batch loading rate, feed pattern, and mixing/ aeration ratio were 0.170 mgBOD5/mgMLVSS·d, initial feed, and 1-to-1, respectively. The associated TN, TP, TBOD5, and SS removal efficiencies for the suspended growth SBR were 93.8, 98.2, 99.6, and 98.5%, respectively. The corresponding results for the attached cum suspended growth SBR system were 0.170 mgBOD5/ mgMLVSS·d, initial feed, and 3-to-1, respectively. Similarly, the corresponding removal efficiencies for the attached cum suspended growth SBR were 94.7, 97.8, 99.3, and 98.8%, respectively. Journal of Environmental Engineering

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)734-744
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Environmental Engineering
Volume131
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Municipal engineering
  • Nitrogen
  • Phosphorus
  • Sequencing batch reactor
  • Sewage
  • Waste treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

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