Use level and encounters: important variables of perceived crowding among nonspecialized recreationists.

W. E. Hammitt, C. D. McDonald, F. P. Noe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Use level, visual encounters, crowding expectations, and feelings, were examined by regression techniques to explain perceived crowding among innertube floaters. The model explained 47% of the variance in perceived crowding. 43% of the variance was accounted for by perceived density and use variables. Degree of user specialization and specificity for any given activity and place, is offered as an explanation for the discrepancy from previous findings.-from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Leisure Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1984
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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