U.S. Southern and Northern differences in perceptions of norms about aggression: Mechanisms for the perpetuation of a culture of honor

Joseph A. Vandello, Dov Cohen, Sean Ransom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This article explores one reason why norms for male honor-related aggression persist in the U.S. South, even though they may no longer be functional. The authors suggest that, in addition to cultural differences in internalized honor-related values, southerners are more likely than northerners to perceive peer endorsement of aggression norms. Study 1 found that southern males were especially likely to overestimate the aggressiveness of their peers. Study 2 tested the hypothesis that southerners would be more likely to actively encourage aggressive behavior in others, but no support was found. However, Study 3 found that southern men were more likely than northern men to perceive others as encouraging aggression when witnessing interpersonal conflicts. Together, these studies suggest that southern males are more likely than their northern counterparts to assume their peers endorse and enforce norms of aggression that can lead to the perpetuation of norms for honorable violence above and beyond any differences in internalized values.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)162-177
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2008

Fingerprint

Aggression
honor
aggression
aggressiveness
aggressive behavior
Violence
cultural difference
Values
violence

Keywords

  • Aggression
  • Cultural lag
  • Culture of honor
  • Norm perpetuation
  • Pluralistic ignorance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology

Cite this

U.S. Southern and Northern differences in perceptions of norms about aggression : Mechanisms for the perpetuation of a culture of honor. / Vandello, Joseph A.; Cohen, Dov; Ransom, Sean.

In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol. 39, No. 2, 01.03.2008, p. 162-177.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1a3ccfce40984a5faca86e14d2602435,
title = "U.S. Southern and Northern differences in perceptions of norms about aggression: Mechanisms for the perpetuation of a culture of honor",
abstract = "This article explores one reason why norms for male honor-related aggression persist in the U.S. South, even though they may no longer be functional. The authors suggest that, in addition to cultural differences in internalized honor-related values, southerners are more likely than northerners to perceive peer endorsement of aggression norms. Study 1 found that southern males were especially likely to overestimate the aggressiveness of their peers. Study 2 tested the hypothesis that southerners would be more likely to actively encourage aggressive behavior in others, but no support was found. However, Study 3 found that southern men were more likely than northern men to perceive others as encouraging aggression when witnessing interpersonal conflicts. Together, these studies suggest that southern males are more likely than their northern counterparts to assume their peers endorse and enforce norms of aggression that can lead to the perpetuation of norms for honorable violence above and beyond any differences in internalized values.",
keywords = "Aggression, Cultural lag, Culture of honor, Norm perpetuation, Pluralistic ignorance",
author = "Vandello, {Joseph A.} and Dov Cohen and Sean Ransom",
year = "2008",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0022022107313862",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "39",
pages = "162--177",
journal = "Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology",
issn = "0022-0221",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - U.S. Southern and Northern differences in perceptions of norms about aggression

T2 - Mechanisms for the perpetuation of a culture of honor

AU - Vandello, Joseph A.

AU - Cohen, Dov

AU - Ransom, Sean

PY - 2008/3/1

Y1 - 2008/3/1

N2 - This article explores one reason why norms for male honor-related aggression persist in the U.S. South, even though they may no longer be functional. The authors suggest that, in addition to cultural differences in internalized honor-related values, southerners are more likely than northerners to perceive peer endorsement of aggression norms. Study 1 found that southern males were especially likely to overestimate the aggressiveness of their peers. Study 2 tested the hypothesis that southerners would be more likely to actively encourage aggressive behavior in others, but no support was found. However, Study 3 found that southern men were more likely than northern men to perceive others as encouraging aggression when witnessing interpersonal conflicts. Together, these studies suggest that southern males are more likely than their northern counterparts to assume their peers endorse and enforce norms of aggression that can lead to the perpetuation of norms for honorable violence above and beyond any differences in internalized values.

AB - This article explores one reason why norms for male honor-related aggression persist in the U.S. South, even though they may no longer be functional. The authors suggest that, in addition to cultural differences in internalized honor-related values, southerners are more likely than northerners to perceive peer endorsement of aggression norms. Study 1 found that southern males were especially likely to overestimate the aggressiveness of their peers. Study 2 tested the hypothesis that southerners would be more likely to actively encourage aggressive behavior in others, but no support was found. However, Study 3 found that southern men were more likely than northern men to perceive others as encouraging aggression when witnessing interpersonal conflicts. Together, these studies suggest that southern males are more likely than their northern counterparts to assume their peers endorse and enforce norms of aggression that can lead to the perpetuation of norms for honorable violence above and beyond any differences in internalized values.

KW - Aggression

KW - Cultural lag

KW - Culture of honor

KW - Norm perpetuation

KW - Pluralistic ignorance

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=39149105929&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=39149105929&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0022022107313862

DO - 10.1177/0022022107313862

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:39149105929

VL - 39

SP - 162

EP - 177

JO - Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology

JF - Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology

SN - 0022-0221

IS - 2

ER -