Trauma to the urinary tract can involve one or more of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra. Although the bladder is the most commonly injured organ, concurrent damage to multiple areas of the urinary tract as well as other abdominal and thoracic organs, the skeletal system, and skin is possible. The clinical signs of urinary tract trauma may range from vague signs such as depressed mentation or vomiting to life-threatening cardiovascular issues. Radiographic signs that suggest damage to the urinary tract include inability to visualize the kidneys, displacement or asymmetry of one or both kidneys, increased or irregular density in the retroperitoneal space, loss of the lumbar fascial planes, widening of the retroperitoneal space, loss of normal intra-abdominal contrast, or reduced size, displacement or absence of the urinary bladder silhouette.
- Urinary tract trauma
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