Urban spatial dynamic modeling based on urban amenity data to inform smart city planning

Zipan Cai, Yoonshin Kwak, Vladimir Cvetkovic, Brian Deal, Ulla Mörtberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An ideal form of smart city planning would focus on the availability of urban amenities that can meet the basic needs of a resident's material life, civil connections, and humanistic spirit. Previous studies have concentrated on analyzing the spatial distribution of urban services, with less attention on their contribution as local urban amenities. In this study, we propose a spatial dynamic modeling approach based on urban amenities using social media data from Google Place API to provide locational information on potential resident interactions. We use a representative region in Europe (Stockholm County, SE) to simulate and project urban development in the region until 2050. Our circular conceptual framework of spatial information and feedback supports decision-makers in testing possible urban planning scenarios that align with the vision of a smart city. Simulation results reveal the interplay between human-land interactions on a specific spatial-temporal scale, and we analyze scenario outcomes in relation to commercial and residential land uses. Overall, our study provides a new perspective on human-social behavior-driven urban development, through a smart, spatial dynamic model as a planning support system that can enhance realism, and ultimately help realize planned development objectives in the region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100387
StatePublished - Jun 2023


  • Human-land interaction
  • Human-social behavior
  • Planning support system
  • Smart city
  • Spatial dynamic model
  • Urban amenities
  • Urban planning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Ecology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)


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