Unusual behaviour of the thioether function of the ligand 1,8-bis(3,5-dimethyl-1-pyrazolyl)-3,6-dithiaoctane (bddo) towards transition-metal salts. X-Ray structures of a green and a red modification of [Cu(bddo)Cl2]

Willem G. Haanstra, Wilfred A.J.W. Van Der Donk, Willem L. Driessen, Jan Reedijk, John S. Wood, Michael G.B. Drew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Co-ordination compounds of the new ligand 1,8-bis(3,5-dimethyl-1-pyrazolyl)-3,6-dithiaoctane (bddo) with MCl2 (M = Fe, Mn, Ni, Co, Zn, Cu, or Cd), MBr2 (M = Mn, Co, Ni, or Zn), Cu(BF4)2, and CuX (X = BF4, NCS, Cl, Br, or I) are described. The general formula for the divalent metal is [M(bddo)X2] and for copper(I), [Cu2 (bddo)X2]. With CuCl2 two modifications were obtained. The green modification of [Cu(bddo)Cl2] crystallises in space group P21/n with a = 9.019(2), b = 28.671(5), c = 8.431(2) Å, β = 113.65(2)°, R = 0.055, and R′ = 0.066 for 1 578 unique reflections [I > 2σ(I)]. The compound consists of Cu(bddo)Cl2 units. The copper atom is co-ordinated by two pyrazole nitrogens and two chloride atoms, in trans positions, in a distorted square-planar geometry. The red modification of [Cu(bddo)Cl2] crystallises in space group Pbcn with a = 9.397(4), b = 15.093(4), c = 15.142(4) Å, Z = 4, R = 0.069, and R′ = 0.089 for 864 unique reflections [I > σ(I)]. This compound consists of CuCl2 units linked together by ligand molecules, thus forming chains with distinct C2 symmetry perpendicular to the chain axis. The copper atom is co-ordinated in a distorted-tetrahedral geometry by two pyrazole nitrogens and two chloride atoms in cis positions. The sulphur atoms do not participate in the co-ordination, although molecular-mechanics calculations show that the ligand bddo is not sterically hindered to form tetradentate mononuclear chelates, i.e. with a MN2S2 chromophore. The structures of the other divalent metal halides were established as being very similar to that of the red modification. For [Cu(bddo)(BF4)2] semi-co-ordination of one or both tetrafluoroborates is indicated by the i.r. spectrum. Solid-state 13C n.m.r. spectra of the copper(I) compounds indicate that the S atoms show significant shifts, suggesting co-ordination. In the thiocyanate and iodide compounds both thioether sulphurs co-ordinate in an identical manner, whereas in the chloride and bromide compounds they co-ordinate in a different manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3123-3128
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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