Unsteady flow physics of airfoil dynamic stall

Rohit Gupta, Phillip J. Ansell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A series of wind-tunnel experiments was conducted on a dynamically pitching NACA 0012 airfoil in order to understand the unsteady flow physics associated with dynamic stall at a transitional Reynolds number of Re c = 0.5 × 10 6 . The airfoil was pitched about the quarter-chord axis following a linear ramp maneuver at ω + = 0.05.Aseries of high-frequency unsteady surface pressure measurements were acquired in order to investigate the time-dependent behavior of the flow in the immediate vicinity of the airfoil. These surface pressure measurements actively displayed the evolution of the airfoil boundary layer, leading-edge laminar separation bubble, and dynamic stall vortex. A detailed time-frequency analysis of surface pressure measurements was performed in order to identify the dominant frequencies associated with the unsteady laminar separation bubble. This analysis was also used to study the evolution of the length scales associated with flow structures near the airfoil leading edge, which emerged before the formation of the dynamic stall vortex. Finally, time-resolved particle image velocimetry measurements were acquired to study the evolution of the off-body flowfield during the development of dynamic stall.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-175
Number of pages11
JournalAIAA journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering


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