Unstable flow structure around partially buried objects on a simulated river bed

Yovanni A. Cataño-Lopera, Blake J. Landy, Marcelo H. García

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The unsteady flow characteristics around two partially buried objects, a short cylinder and a truncated cone, were examined with a three-dimensional, non-hydrostatic hydrodynamic model under similar steady unidirectional currents with flow Reynolds numbers, Re, of 86,061 and 76,209, respectively. Model simulations were conducted with the two objects partially buried in a simulated rippled river bed. A Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equation model coupled with a?-? turbulence closure was used to validate the experimental velocity measurements. A large eddy simulation (LES) turbulence model was subsequently used to characterize the unsteady flow structure around the objects. The LES closure allowed for the characterization of highly unsteady coherent turbulent structures such as the horse-shoe vortex, the arch-shaped vortex, as well as vortex shedding in the wake of the object.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-46
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Hydroinformatics
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2017

Fingerprint

flow structure
river bed
Flow structure
Rivers
Large eddy simulation
Unsteady flow
unsteady flow
large eddy simulation
Vortex flow
vortex
turbulence
Vortex shedding
Arches
Turbulence models
vortex shedding
Velocity measurement
Navier Stokes equations
Cones
Navier-Stokes equations
Reynolds number

Keywords

  • LES RANS numerical modeling
  • Object burial
  • Scour hole
  • Sediment transport
  • Turbulent flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Unstable flow structure around partially buried objects on a simulated river bed. / Cataño-Lopera, Yovanni A.; Landy, Blake J.; García, Marcelo H.

In: Journal of Hydroinformatics, Vol. 19, No. 1, 01.2017, p. 31-46.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cataño-Lopera, Yovanni A. ; Landy, Blake J. ; García, Marcelo H. / Unstable flow structure around partially buried objects on a simulated river bed. In: Journal of Hydroinformatics. 2017 ; Vol. 19, No. 1. pp. 31-46.
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