Unraveling the surface chemistry processes in lithiated and boronized plasma material interfaces under extreme conditions

P. S. Krstic, Jean Paul Allain, F. J. Dominguez-Gutierrez, F. Bedoya

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The review of recent theoretical and experimental research on the complex surface chemistry processes that evolve from low-Z material conditioning on plasma-facing materials under extreme fusion plasma conditions is presented. A combination of multi-scale computational physics and chemistry modeling with real-time diagnosis of the plasma-material interface in tokamak fusion plasma edge is complemented by ex-vessel in-situ single-effect experimental facilities to unravel the evolving characteristics of low-Z components under irradiation. Effects of the lithium and boron coatings at carbon surfaces to the retention of deuterium and chemical sputtering of the plasma-facing surfaces are discussed in detail. The critical role of oxygen in the surface chemistry during hydrogen-fuel irradiation is found to drive the kinetics and dynamics of these surfaces as they interact with fusion edge plasma that ultimately could have profound effects on fusion plasma confinement behavior. Computational studies also extend in spatio-temporal scales not accessible by empirical means and therefore open the opportunity for a strategic approach at irradiation surface science studies that combined these powerful computational tools with in-vessel and ex-vessel in-situ diagnostics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-187
Number of pages23
JournalMatter and Radiation at Extremes
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2018

Fingerprint

Surface chemistry
chemistry
Plasmas
Fusion reactions
fusion
vessels
Facings
Irradiation
irradiation
hydrogen fuels
Plasma confinement
Hydrogen fuels
plasma control
conditioning
Deuterium
Sputtering
Boron
deuterium
boron
Lithium

Keywords

  • 28-52.-s
  • 52.40.Hf
  • 73.22.-f
  • 82.33.Xj
  • Boron
  • Lithium
  • Material-analysis particle probe
  • Plasma-material interface
  • Quantum-classical molecular dynamics
  • Retention
  • Sputtering
  • X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Unraveling the surface chemistry processes in lithiated and boronized plasma material interfaces under extreme conditions. / Krstic, P. S.; Allain, Jean Paul; Dominguez-Gutierrez, F. J.; Bedoya, F.

In: Matter and Radiation at Extremes, Vol. 3, No. 4, 07.2018, p. 165-187.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Krstic, P. S. ; Allain, Jean Paul ; Dominguez-Gutierrez, F. J. ; Bedoya, F. / Unraveling the surface chemistry processes in lithiated and boronized plasma material interfaces under extreme conditions. In: Matter and Radiation at Extremes. 2018 ; Vol. 3, No. 4. pp. 165-187.
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