Undrained shear strength of liquefied sands for stability analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The postliquefaction shear strength of sands, called the undrained critical strength or su(critical), is evaluated in terms of the critical strength ratio, [Formula Presents]. This allows postliquefaction stability analyses to incorporate the variation of su(critical) with effective vertical stress instead of using a single value as proposed elsewhere. Comparison of back-calculated critical strength ratios and the cyclic stress ratios triggering liquefaction suggests that drainage occurs in most cases during the postliquefaction flow of liquefied sands. To evaluate the stability of an existing slope that is predicted to liquefy during a dynamic event, the original slope configuration and the constant volume su(critical) must be used instead of the back-calculated partially drained su(critical) values. The proposed procedure for estimating the constant volume su(critical), using the results of field and/or laboratory tests, shows that the critical strength ratio is approximately one-half the yield strength ratio at the triggering of liquefaction for an earthquake magnitude of 7.5. It has been shown that the yield strength ratio at the triggering of liquefaction for a magnitude of 7.5 can be estimated by 0.011 times the equivalent clean sand blow count. Therefore, the critical strength ratio is 0.0055 times the equivalent clean sand blow count.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1727-1747
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Geotechnical Engineering
Volume118
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1992

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stability analysis
Shear strength
shear strength
Liquefaction
Sand
liquefaction
sand
Yield stress
earthquake magnitude
Drainage
Earthquakes
drainage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Undrained shear strength of liquefied sands for stability analysis. / Stark, Timothy D.

In: Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, Vol. 118, No. 11, 11.1992, p. 1727-1747.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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