Understanding urban sub-centers with heterogeneity in agglomeration economies—Where do emerging commercial establishments locate?

Tianren Yang, Haozhi Pan, Geoffrey Hewings, Ying Jin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper investigates the formation of employment sub-centers from a new perspective of heterogeneity in agglomeration economies. Using highly granular commercial and residential land-use data (2001–2011) in Chicago, we measure how the locations of jobs, population, quality-of-life amenities, and transportation networks shape specific and heterogenous sub-centers. First, the results suggest that the CBD as it was traditionally defined is no longer the primary source of agglomeration externalities for the new economic sectors; sub-centers with sector-specific positive agglomeration externalities have stronger correlations with new commercial establishments. Secondly, residents appear to give the highest weight to quality-of-life amenities in choosing where to live. Both trends imply dis-incentives for CBD agglomeration. These findings connect the heterogeneous production theories with land use planning and urban design, through new empirical insights into how urban sub-centers grow. Furthermore, we put forward a method for forecasting of future sub-center growth through measuring changes in the probability of commercial development, and discuss its practical implications for planning and design in Chicago.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25-36
Number of pages12
JournalCities
Volume86
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019

Keywords

  • Agglomeration
  • CBD
  • Employment sub-centers
  • Heterogeneity
  • Land-use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Urban Studies
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Understanding urban sub-centers with heterogeneity in agglomeration economies—Where do emerging commercial establishments locate?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this