Understanding the yielding behavior of graphene oxide colloids via experimental strain decomposition

Yul Hui Shim, Simon A. Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Graphene oxide (GO) has attracted attention in materials science and engineering due to its large aspect ratio and dispersibility in polar solvent including water. It has recently been applied to direct-ink-writing (DIW) printing to realize the fabrication of three-dimensional structures, suggesting a wide variety of potential applications. Without post-processing, DIW printing requires yield stress fluids to fully build three-dimensional objects. The key properties of these inks are the yield stress and the viscoelastic properties during yielding. DIW ink rheology has therefore received significant interest in materials science, as well as mechanical and chemical engineering. Despite this interest, the yielding process has not been clearly elucidated and understanding yielding remains an outstanding problem. In this study, we discuss the yielding behavior of GO colloids via oscillatory rheology by decomposing the total strain into the recoverable and unrecoverable parts through iterative experimental techniques. The recoverable and unrecoverable responses represent viscoelastic solid and plastic properties, respectively, and they are used to determine the averaged storage and dissipation of energies. By mapping these contributions, we more clearly elucidate the yielding behavior of the GO colloids and suggest guidelines for energy efficiency. Beyond the specific lessons learned regarding the DIW-relevant rheology of GO colloids, our study contributes to an evolving development of material-centric and energy-focused methods for understanding the out-of-equilibrium rheological physics associated with the yielding of soft materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number063117
JournalPhysics of fluids
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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