Understanding the effect of group variance on learning

Sinan Yavuz, Michael Forkner, Dana Gnesdilow, Catherine L. Dornfeld Tissenbaum, Jee Seon Kim, Sadhana Puntambekar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Given that group composition is a key factor that affects learning in CSCL environments, it is important to study how students in groups with homogeneous or heterogeneous levels of prior knowledge collaborate. This study investigated the potential differences in students’ learning outcomes from participating in a 13-week design-based unit. We used the pre- and post-test data from 361 eighth grade students (102 groups) and performed a hierarchical linear model analysis to examine how the convergence or divergence in the students’ level of prior knowledge affected students’ learning outcomes. We found that students in homogenous groups with similar levels of initial prior knowledge scored significantly higher on their post-test when their pre-test was used as a covariate, than students in heterogeneous groups. Implications of these findings are discussed along with directions for future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationA Wide Lens
Subtitle of host publicationCombining Embodied, Enactive, Extended, and Embedded Learning in Collaborative Settings - 13th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning, CSCL 2019 - Conference Proceedings
EditorsKristine Lund, Gerald P. Niccolai, Elise Lavoue, Cindy Hmelo-Silver, Gahgene Gweon, Michael Baker
PublisherInternational Society of the Learning Sciences (ISLS)
Pages520-525
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781732467231
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Event13th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning - A Wide Lens: Combining Embodied, Enactive, Extended, and Embedded Learning in Collaborative Settings, CSCL 2019 - Lyon, France
Duration: Jun 17 2019Jun 21 2019

Publication series

NameComputer-Supported Collaborative Learning Conference, CSCL
Volume1
ISSN (Print)1573-4552

Conference

Conference13th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning - A Wide Lens: Combining Embodied, Enactive, Extended, and Embedded Learning in Collaborative Settings, CSCL 2019
CountryFrance
CityLyon
Period6/17/196/21/19

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Education

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  • Cite this

    Yavuz, S., Forkner, M., Gnesdilow, D., Dornfeld Tissenbaum, C. L., Kim, J. S., & Puntambekar, S. (2019). Understanding the effect of group variance on learning. In K. Lund, G. P. Niccolai, E. Lavoue, C. Hmelo-Silver, G. Gweon, & M. Baker (Eds.), A Wide Lens: Combining Embodied, Enactive, Extended, and Embedded Learning in Collaborative Settings - 13th International Conference on Computer Supported Collaborative Learning, CSCL 2019 - Conference Proceedings (pp. 520-525). (Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning Conference, CSCL; Vol. 1). International Society of the Learning Sciences (ISLS).