Understanding suicide among sexual minority youth in America: An ecological systems analysis

Jun Sung Hong, Dorothy L. Espelage, Michael J. Kral

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article examines major risk factors for suicide among sexual minority youth using Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory. Although suicidal behavior among sexual minority youth is a major public concern in the United States, understanding of this phenomenon has been limited since the majority of empirical research studies have addressed individual level characteristics without much consideration to the larger environmental contexts. This review integrates past and current empirical findings on suicidal behaviors of sexual minority youth within the context of micro-, meso-, exo-, macro-, and chrono-systems levels. Finally, it draws implications for assessment, prevention, and intervention strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)885-894
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Adolescence
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2011


  • Ecological systems theory
  • Sexual minority
  • Sexuality
  • Suicide
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Psychology


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