Undecaprenyl diphosphate synthase inhibitors: Antibacterial drug leads

William Sinko, Yang Wang, Wei Zhu, Yonghui Zhang, Ferran Feixas, Courtney L. Cox, Douglas A. Mitchell, Eric Oldfield, J. Andrew McCammon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There is a significant need for new antibiotics due to the rise in drug resistance. Drugs such as methicillin and vancomycin target bacterial cell wall biosynthesis, but methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE) have now arisen and are of major concern. Inhibitors acting on new targets in cell wall biosynthesis are thus of particular interest since they might also restore sensitivity to existing drugs, and the cis-prenyl transferase undecaprenyl diphosphate synthase (UPPS), essential for lipid I, lipid II, and thus, peptidoglycan biosynthesis, is one such target. We used 12 UPPS crystal structures to validate virtual screening models and then assayed 100 virtual hits (from 450,000 compounds) against UPPS from S. aureus and Escherichia coli. The most promising inhibitors (IC 50 ∼2 μM, Ki ∼300 nM) had activity against MRSA, Listeria monocytogenes, Bacillus anthracis, and a vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus sp. with MIC or IC50 values in the 0.25-4 μg/mL range. Moreover, one compound (1), a rhodanine with close structural similarity to the commercial diabetes drug epalrestat, exhibited good activity as well as a fractional inhibitory concentration index (FICI) of 0.1 with methicillin against the community-acquired MRSA USA300 strain, indicating strong synergism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5693-5701
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume57
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 10 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Drug Discovery

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