Uncorq: Unconstrained snoop request delivery in embedded-ring multiprocessors

Karin Strauss, Xiaowei Shen, Josep Torrellas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Snoopy cache coherence can be implemented in any physical network topology by embedding a logical unidirectional ring in the network. Control messages are forwarded using the ring, while other messages can use any path. While the resulting coherence protocols are inexpensive to implement, they enable many ways of overlapping multiple transactions that access the same line-making it hard to reason about correctness. Moreover, snoop requests are required to traverse the ring, therefore lengthening coherence transaction latencies. In this paper, we address these problems and make two main contributions. First, we introduce the Ordering invariant, which ensures the correct serialization of colliding transactions in embedded-ring protocols. Second, based on this invariant, we remove the requirement that snoop requests traverse the ring. Instead, they are delivered using any network path, as long as snoop responses - which are typically off the critical path - use the logical ring. This approach substantially reduces coherence transaction latency. We call the resulting protocol Uncorq. We show that, on a 64-node Chip Multiprocessor (CMP), Uncorq improves the performance, on average, by 23% for SPLASH-2 applications and by 10% for commercial applications. With an additional simple prefetching optimization, the performance improvement is, on average, 26% for SPLASH-2 applications and 18% for commercial applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the The 40th IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Microarchitecture, MICRO 2007
Pages327-339
Number of pages13
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007
Event40th IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Microarchitecture, MICRO 2007 - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: Dec 1 2007Dec 5 2007

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Symposium on Microarchitecture, MICRO
ISSN (Print)1072-4451

Other

Other40th IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Microarchitecture, MICRO 2007
CountryUnited States
CityChicago, IL
Period12/1/0712/5/07

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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