Ba(Ni1-xCox)2As2 is a structural homologue of the pnictide high temperature superconductor, Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2, in which the Fe atoms are replaced by Ni. Superconductivity is highly suppressed in this system, reaching a maximum Tc=2.3 K, compared to 24 K in its iron-based cousin, and the origin of this Tc suppression is not known. Using X-ray scattering, we show that Ba(Ni1-xCox)2As2 exhibits a unidirectional charge density wave (CDW) at its triclinic phase transition. The CDW is incommensurate, exhibits a sizable lattice distortion, and is accompanied by the appearance of α Fermi surface pockets in photoemission [B. Zhou et al., Phys. Rev. B 83, 035110 (2011)PRBMDO1098-012110.1103/PhysRevB.83.035110], suggesting it forms by an unconventional mechanism. Co doping suppresses the CDW, paralleling the behavior of antiferromagnetism in iron-based superconductors. Our study demonstrates that pnictide superconductors can exhibit competing CDW order, which may be the origin of Tc suppression in this system.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)