Uncertainty of Model Parameters in PSDDF for Coastal Restoration

Timothy D. Stark, Navid H. Jafari

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Sediment (mud and sand) from man-made diversions of the Mississippi River, dredging effluent, and other sources is being used to conserve and create land to protect the Gulf Coast. The long-Term settlement prediction of these newly deposited sediments is necessary to ensure the confined dredged disposal areas, coastal restoration, and marsh creation projects protect people and their property, wetlands, and various infrastructure over the design/service life. Long-Term settlement predictions are usually made with the software Primary Consolidation, Secondary Compression, and Desiccation of Dredged Fill (PSDDF). PSDDF is a 1D nonlinear numerical model that accounts for settlement due to self-weight and surcharge induced consolidation, secondary compression, and desiccation. This paper uses a hypothetical case study to estimate the dredged fill height necessary to maintain a surface elevation of 1.5 ft for the next 20 years. Because there is uncertainty in the hydraulic conductivity and compressibility relationships, a reliability analysis is performed to quantify the effect on long-Term settlement predictions. The uncertainty analysis indicates that the void ratio-effective stress and void ratio-permeability relationships influence the surface settlement more than the other input parameters for the dredged sediment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)492-500
Number of pages9
JournalGeotechnical Special Publication
Volume2016-January
Issue number273 GSP
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
Event5th Geo-Chicago Conference: Sustainable Waste Management and Remediation, Geo-Chicago 2016 - Chicago, United States
Duration: Aug 14 2016Aug 18 2016

Fingerprint

Restoration
Sediments
void ratio
desiccation
Consolidation
consolidation
Compaction
fill
prediction
compression
River diversion
reliability analysis
Uncertainty analysis
Dredging
Hydraulic conductivity
uncertainty analysis
Wetlands
Reliability analysis
effective stress
compressibility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

Cite this

Uncertainty of Model Parameters in PSDDF for Coastal Restoration. / Stark, Timothy D.; Jafari, Navid H.

In: Geotechnical Special Publication, Vol. 2016-January, No. 273 GSP, 01.01.2016, p. 492-500.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Stark, Timothy D. ; Jafari, Navid H. / Uncertainty of Model Parameters in PSDDF for Coastal Restoration. In: Geotechnical Special Publication. 2016 ; Vol. 2016-January, No. 273 GSP. pp. 492-500.
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