Ultraviolet emission intensity, visible luminance, and electrical characteristics of small arrays of Al/Al 2O 3 microcavity plasma devices operating in Ar/N 2 or Ne at high-power loadings

S. J. Park, K. S. Kim, J. G. Eden

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Abstract

Small arrays (3×3→10×10) of microcavity plasma devices, having a two-stage structure comprising multilayer stacks of nanostructured Al2 O3 grown on Al foil with cylindrical microcavities 100-300 μm in diameter, produce intense ultraviolet (UV) and visible emission when operated in Ar3% N2 gas mixtures or Ne and excited by a sinusoidal ac voltage wave form. Near-UV (300-400 nm) intensities emitted into a solid angle of ∼ 10-2 sr above 30 mW per cm2 of radiating area are measured for Ar N2 gas mixture pressures of 400-800 Torr, an excitation frequency of 15 kHz, and an average current ≥20 mA (rms). Two or more conjoined cylindrical microcavities of differing diameters allow for the confinement of the plasma to progressively smaller volumes as the power deposited is increased (thereby decreasing the Debye length and the spatial extent of the cathode fall region) and provides a convenient tool with which the luminosity of an array can be modulated. The transition of a microplasma from confinement in a 200-μm -diam cavity into an adjacent 100-μm -diam microcavity is accompanied by an order-of-magnitude increase in the luminance of Ne plasmas in a 3×3 array as the rms current is increased by ∼1 mA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number026107
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume99
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2006

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ultraviolet emission
luminance
gas mixtures
microplasmas
Debye length
laminates
foils
cathodes
luminosity
cavities
electric potential
excitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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title = "Ultraviolet emission intensity, visible luminance, and electrical characteristics of small arrays of Al/Al 2O 3 microcavity plasma devices operating in Ar/N 2 or Ne at high-power loadings",
abstract = "Small arrays (3×3→10×10) of microcavity plasma devices, having a two-stage structure comprising multilayer stacks of nanostructured Al2 O3 grown on Al foil with cylindrical microcavities 100-300 μm in diameter, produce intense ultraviolet (UV) and visible emission when operated in Ar3{\%} N2 gas mixtures or Ne and excited by a sinusoidal ac voltage wave form. Near-UV (300-400 nm) intensities emitted into a solid angle of ∼ 10-2 sr above 30 mW per cm2 of radiating area are measured for Ar N2 gas mixture pressures of 400-800 Torr, an excitation frequency of 15 kHz, and an average current ≥20 mA (rms). Two or more conjoined cylindrical microcavities of differing diameters allow for the confinement of the plasma to progressively smaller volumes as the power deposited is increased (thereby decreasing the Debye length and the spatial extent of the cathode fall region) and provides a convenient tool with which the luminosity of an array can be modulated. The transition of a microplasma from confinement in a 200-μm -diam cavity into an adjacent 100-μm -diam microcavity is accompanied by an order-of-magnitude increase in the luminance of Ne plasmas in a 3×3 array as the rms current is increased by ∼1 mA.",
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AU - Eden, J. G.

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AB - Small arrays (3×3→10×10) of microcavity plasma devices, having a two-stage structure comprising multilayer stacks of nanostructured Al2 O3 grown on Al foil with cylindrical microcavities 100-300 μm in diameter, produce intense ultraviolet (UV) and visible emission when operated in Ar3% N2 gas mixtures or Ne and excited by a sinusoidal ac voltage wave form. Near-UV (300-400 nm) intensities emitted into a solid angle of ∼ 10-2 sr above 30 mW per cm2 of radiating area are measured for Ar N2 gas mixture pressures of 400-800 Torr, an excitation frequency of 15 kHz, and an average current ≥20 mA (rms). Two or more conjoined cylindrical microcavities of differing diameters allow for the confinement of the plasma to progressively smaller volumes as the power deposited is increased (thereby decreasing the Debye length and the spatial extent of the cathode fall region) and provides a convenient tool with which the luminosity of an array can be modulated. The transition of a microplasma from confinement in a 200-μm -diam cavity into an adjacent 100-μm -diam microcavity is accompanied by an order-of-magnitude increase in the luminance of Ne plasmas in a 3×3 array as the rms current is increased by ∼1 mA.

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