Ultrasound-enhanced reactivity of calcium in the reduction of aromatic hydrocarbons

Christian Pétrier, Kenneth Suslick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Reductions of aromatic hydrocarbons by calcium in ethylenediamine-n- alkylamine mixture were investigated under ultrasonic conditions. Using an ultrasonic probe, with naphthalene as test molecule, it has been demonstrated that under ultrasonic action the reactions proceed faster (x 10) and require a lower metal quantity (0.5) than the reactions conducted with an efficient mechanical stirrer. In addition, at ambient temperature and depending on the specific alcohol addition, selective naphthalene reduction can be performed using ultrasound. 1,2-Dihydronaphthalene (88% yield) results from the reaction in the presence of 2-propanol, and 1,4,5,8-tetrahydronaphthalene (88% yield) is obtained with tert-butanol. Investigation of the metal surface points out the characteristics of the calcium ultrasonic activation. The procedure was efficiently tested with several aromatic hydrocarbons. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-61
Number of pages9
JournalUltrasonics Sonochemistry
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2000


  • Aromatics reduction
  • Calcium reduction
  • Sonochemical reduction
  • Sonochemistry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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