Ultrasonography of adrenal glands in normal ferrets

Robert T. O'Brien, Joanne Paul-Murphy, Richard R. Dubielzig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The adrenal glands of 20 normal ferrets were imaged with ultrasound. Of the forty glands, only 4 (three right and one left) could not be clearly identified. Mean (±standard deviation) dimensions of the right (7.6 ± 1.8 mm length by 2.6 ± 0.4 mm width) and left (7.2 ± 1.8 mm length by 2.8 ± 0.5 mm width) glands were similar. Both adrenal glands were wider (p < 0.05) sonographically in males than females. Measured length and width of the right gland positively correlated (p < 0.05) with body weight. The glands had a hypoechoic outer zone and hyperechoic central region, were elongate to ovoid in shape and located medial and, variably, at the level of the cranial pole of the ipsilateral kidney. This study demonstrates that normal adrenal glands can be imaged in ferrets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)445-448
Number of pages4
JournalVeterinary Radiology and Ultrasound
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes


  • Adrenal
  • Ferret
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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