Ultrasonically induced cavitation studies of electrochemical passivity and transport mechanisms i. theoretical

Stephen A. Perusich, Richard C. Alkire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


High intensity ultrasound causes the formation of cavitation bubbles which collapse in a manner that, in the presence of a solid surface, form high velocity fluid microjets directed toward the surface. The intense fluid agitation at surfaces in a focused ultrasound field enhances transport of momentum, heat, and mass and influences the behavior and integrity of surface films on metal electrodes. A mathematical model is proposed to determine the reaction and transport between liquid microjets and a reactive solid surface. The conditions were estimated under which oxide depassivation and repassi-vation occur as a function of ultrasonic intensity, surface film thickness, and fluid microjet surface coverage. The model was based on the concept that cavitation induces sufficient momentum and mass transfer rates (water hammer pressures) at a surface to create oxide film stresses leading to depassivation. The model was used in a companion paper (1) to evaluate experimental data on the corrosion behavior of iron in sulfuric acid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)700-707
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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