Ultrasonic propagation properties (@100 MHz) in excessively fatty rat liver

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The effects on the ultrasonic propagation properties of livers of the addition of 1% orotic acid to rat diets were examined. In rats, dietary orotic acid exerts several effects on lipid metabolism; its overall consequence is that excessively high hepatic fat concentrations are built up over a short period of time, thus making this an ideal model to study the ultrasonic propagation properties as a function of sequential development of fatty liver. Over a 16-day period on the orotic acid diet, the supplemented rat liver lipid concentrations increased from a normal range of 2%-4% to the lower 20's%; hepatic water concentration decreased from a normal value of approximately 70% to approximately 50%; total protein concentration decreased slightly from a normal range of 17%-20% to 11 %-16%; and rat liver weight increased from approximately 11 g to around 20 g. Ultrasonic attenuation coefficient and speed were assessed in liver tissue with the scanning laser acoustic microscope at 100 MHz. As hepatic lipid increased, ultrasonic attenuation at 100 MHz increased temporally from a normal range of 12-14 dB/mm to a maximum of 54 dB/mm and ultrasonic speed decreased from a normal range of 1553-1584 m/s to a minimum of 1507 m/s. Multivariant linear regression was used in the analysis of covariance to fit the least-squares estimates to the linear regression model. Strong correlates of ultrasonic speed with both water concentration and fat concentration in the liver were observed. PACS numbers: 43.80.Cs, 43.80.Ev, 43.80.Jz.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1159-1166
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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