Ultracompact Iron Oxide Nanoparticles with a Monolayer Coating of Succinylated Heparin: A New Class of Renal-Clearable and Nontoxic T1 Agents for High-Field MRI

Manman Xie, Ziyang Wang, Qian Lu, Shuming Nie, Christopher J Butch, Yiqing Wang, Bo Dai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Herein, we present a new magnetic iron oxide nanoparticle (MION) with a succinylated heparin monolayer coating, which exhibits the highest T1 relaxivity at 7 T and the lowest r2/r1 reported for any MION at these high-field conditions. While the recent proliferation of 7 T MRI instruments in hospitals worldwide has enabled widespread access to higher quality, more finely detailed, diagnostic imaging, clinically available contrast agents have not kept pace due to the general phenomenon of reduced efficacy of T1 relaxation as magnetic field strength is increased. Development of new MION agents is one strategy to address this need, and to this end, we demonstrate the in vitro magnetic properties of the MIONs reported here to extend to in vivo applications, providing greatly increased contrast in tumor imaging in a murine xenograft subject at 7 T. While MION-based contrast agents can have side effects in clinical application, these are generally thought to be less than those of gadolinium-based agents and here are further reduced by the small size allowing direct glomerular filtration from the blood followed by renal-excretion. Finally, we show the succinylated heparin monolayer coating to provide class leading magnetic properties over a homologous series of particles with core size ranging from 2 to 18 nm and show the properties to be strongly related to the surface area. We suggest the increased porosity and hydrophilicity of the coating to increase water accessibility to the surface resulting in the increased magnetic properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53994-54004
Number of pages11
JournalACS applied materials & interfaces
Volume12
Issue number48
Early online dateNov 19 2020
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2 2020

Keywords

  • monolayer coating
  • succinylated heparin
  • super paramagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles
  • T -weighted contrast agent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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