Two-phase modeling of deflagration-to-detonation transition in granular materials: Reduced equations

A. K. Kapila, R. Menikoff, J. B. Bdzil, S. F. Son, D. S. Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Of the two-phase mixture models used to study deflagration-to-detonation transition in granular explosives, the Baer-Nunziato model is the most highly developed. It allows for unequal phase velocities and phase pressures, and includes source terms for drag and compaction that strive to erase velocity and pressure disequilibria. Since typical time scales associated with the equilibrating processes are small, source terms are stiff. This stiffness motivates the present work where we derive two reduced models in sequence, one with a single velocity and the other with both a single velocity and a single pressure. These reductions constitute outer solutions in the sense of matched asymptotic expansions, with the corresponding inner layers being just the partly dispersed shocks of the full model. The reduced models are hyperbolic and are mechanically as well as thermodynamically consistent with the parent model. However, they cannot be expressed in conservation form and hence require a regularization in order to fully specify the jump conditions across shock waves. Analysis of the inner layers of the full model provides one such regularization [Kapila et al., Phys. Fluids 9, 3885 (1997)], although other choices are also possible. Dissipation associated with degrees of freedom that have been eliminated is restricted to the thin layers and is accounted for by the jump conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3002-3024
Number of pages23
JournalPhysics of fluids
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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