Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Confined Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers

Noriyuki Yokouchi, Aaron J. Danner, Kent D. Choquette

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The two-dimensional photonic crystal (2-D PhC) structure has been investigated as a method for lateral mode control of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs). The 2-D PhC structures were designed using an equivalent index model developed for photonic crystal fibers combined with a plane wave expansion method. The etching depth dependence of the PhC structure was incorporated for the first time to design practical devices. 2-D PhC-confined VCSELs are demonstrated to operate in single PhC-confined mode using either a single- or seven-point defect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1439-1445
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 2003


  • Lateral mode
  • Photonic crystals
  • Surface-emitting lasers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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