Twinning stress in shape memory alloys: Theory and experiments

J. Wang, H. Sehitoglu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Utilizing first-principles atomistic simulations we present a twin nucleation model based on the Peierls-Nabarro formulation. We investigated twinning in several important shape memory alloys, starting with Ni 2FeGa (14M modulated monoclinic and L10 crystals) to illustrate the methodology, and predicted the twin stress in Ni2MnGa, NiTi, Co2NiGa, and Co2NiAl martensites, all of which were in excellent agreement with the experimental results. Minimization of the total energy led to determination of the twinning stress accounting for the twinning energy landscape in the presence of interacting multiple twin dislocations and disregistry profiles at the dislocation core. The validity of the model was confirmed by determining the twinning stress from experiments on Ni 2FeGa (14M and L10), NiTi, and Ni2MnGa and utilizing results from the literature for Co2NiGa and Co 2NiAl martensites. This paper demonstrates that the predicted twinning stress can vary from 3.5 MPa in 10M Ni2MnGa to 129 MPa for the B19′ NiTi case, consistent with the experimental results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6790-6801
Number of pages12
JournalActa Materialia
Issue number18
StatePublished - Oct 2013


  • Atomistic simulations
  • Peierls-Nabarro
  • Shape memory alloys
  • Twin nucleation model
  • Twinning stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


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