Twin nucleation and migration in FeCr single crystals

L. Patriarca, Wael Abuzaid, Huseyin Sehitoglu, Hans J. Maier, Y. Chumlyakov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Tension and compression experiments were conducted on body-centered cubic Fe -47.8 at pct. Cr single crystals. The critical resolved shear stress (CRSS) magnitudes for slip nucleation, twin nucleation and twin migration were established. We show that the nucleation of slip occurs at a CRSS of about 88 MPa, while twinning nucleates at a CRSS of about 191 MPa with an associated load drop. Following twin nucleation, twin migration proceeds at a CRSS that is lower than the initiation stress (≈ 114–153 MPa). The experimental results of the nucleation stresses indicate that the Schmid law holds to a first approximation for the slip and twin nucleation cases, but to a lesser extent for twin migration particularly when considerable slip strains preceded twinning. The CRSSs were determined experimentally using digital image correlation (DIC) in conjunction with electron back scattering diffraction (EBSD). The DIC measurements enabled pinpointing the precise stress on the stress–strain curves where twins or slip were activated. The crystal orientations were obtained using EBSD and used to determine the activated twin and slip systems through trace analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-175
Number of pages11
JournalMaterials Characterization
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013


  • BCC
  • Digital image correlation
  • Single crystals
  • Slip
  • Twin migration
  • Twinning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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