Tunable diode laser absorption spectrometers for CO2 wellhead and pipeline leakage monitoring: Experiences from prototype testing at the Illinois Basin - Decatur Project, USA

Joseph W. Zimmerman, Randall A. Locke, Curt S. Blakley, Michael B. Frish, Matthew C. Laderer, Richard T. Wahmer

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

The Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium is conducting a large-scale carbon capture and storage (CCS) project inDecatur, Illinois. USA to demonstrate storage of one million tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the Mount Simon Sandstone, a deep saline formation at a depth of 2.100 meters. Injection began in November 2011. and as of August 2014. more than 900.000 tonnes of CO2 have been injected. The project offers a unique opportunity to evaluate new diagnostic tools for CO2 monitoring at an active CCS site. During this investigation, prototype Tunable Diode Laser Absorption Spectroscopy (TDLAS) sensors in two configurations were constructed and successfully tested in 2013 at the Illinois Basin - Decatur Project field site: (1) a hand-held, mobile instrument called the Remote Carbon Dioxide Leak Detector (RCLD). intended for standoff inspection of CO2 pipeline infrastructure to identify any leakage: And (2) a solar-powered wireless Open-Path Sensor (OPS) system intended for continuous monitoring of CO2 concentrations integrated along a fixed 100-m path for human health and safety. Based on results from the prototype testing, it is expected that the OPS and RCLD designs can be refined and used at other CCS sites as part of an integrated environmental monitoring strategy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4083-4094
Number of pages12
JournalEnergy Procedia
Volume63
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Event12th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, GHGT 2014 - Austin, United States
Duration: Oct 5 2014Oct 9 2014

Keywords

  • Accounting
  • Illinois basin - Decatur project
  • Midwest geological sequestration consortium
  • Monitoring
  • Tunable laser spectroscopy
  • Verification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)

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