Tumor Necrosis Factor α Inhibits Cyclin A Expression and Retinoblastoma Hyperphosphorylation Triggered by Insulin-like Growth Factor-I Induction of New E2F-1 Synthesis

Wen Hong Shen, Yuxin Yin, Suzanne R. Broussard, Robert H. McCusker, Gregory G. Freund, Robert Dantzer, Keith W. Kelley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cyclin A is required for cell cycle S phase entry, and its overexpression contributes to tumorigenesis. Release of pre-existing E2Fs from inactive complexes of E2F and hypophosphorylated retinoblastoma (RB) is the prevailing dogma for E2F transcriptional activation of target genes such as cyclin A. Here we explored the hypothesis that new synthesis of E2F-1 is required for insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) to induce cyclin A accumulation and RB hyperphosphorylation, events that are targeted by tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) to arrest cell cycle progression. We first established that IGF-I increases expression of cyclin A, causes hyperphosphorylation of RB, and augments the mass of E2F-1 in a time-dependent manner. As expected, E2F-1 small interfering RNA blocks the ability of IGF-I to increase synthesis of E2F-1. Most important, this E2F-1 small interfering RNA also blocks the ability of IGF-I to increase cyclin A accumulation and to hyperphosphorylate RB. We next established that TNFα dose-dependently inhibits IGF-I-induced phosphorylation of both RB and histone H1 by cyclin A-dependent cyclin-dependent kinases. Cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (Cdk2) mediates this suppression because co-Immunoprecipitation experiments revealed that TNFα reduces the amount of IGF4-I-induced cyclin A that binds Cdk2, leading to a reduction in Cdk2 enzymatic activity. TNFα antagonizes the ability of IGF-I to increase mass of both E2F-1 and cyclin A but not cyclin E or D1. The cytostatic property of TNFα is also shown by its ability to block IGF-I-stimulated luciferase activity of a cyclin A promoter reporter. Deletion of an E2F recognition site from this reporter eliminates the regulatory effects of both IGF-I and TNFα on cyclin A transcription, indicating the essential role of E2F-1 in mediating their cross-talk. Collectively, these results establish that TNFα targets IGF-I-induced E2F-1 synthesis, leading to inhibition of the subsequent accumulation in cyclin A, formation of cyclin A-Cdk2 complexes, hyperphosphorylation of RB, and cell cycle arrest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7438-7446
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 27 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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