Tropical landscapes and the Ancient Maya: Diversity in time and space

Lisa J Lucero, Arlen Chase, Vernon Scarborough, Diane Chase, Rafael Cobos, Nicholas Dunning, Scott Fedick, Vilma Fialko, Joel Gunn, Michelle Hegmon, Gyles Iannone, David Lentz, Rodrigo Liendo, Keith Prufer, Jeremy Sabloff, Joseph Tainter, Fred Valdez, Sander van der Leeuw

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Archaeologists have begun to understand that many of the challenges facing our technologically sophisticated, resource dependent, urban systems were also destabilizing factors in ancient complex societies. The focus of IHOPE-Maya is to identify how humans living in the tropical Maya Lowlands in present-day Central America responded to and impacted their environments over the past three millennia, and to relate knowledge of those processes to modern and future coupled human-environment systems. To better frame variability in ancient lowland Maya development and decline, the area that they once occupied may be subdivided into a series of geographical regions in which the collected archaeological data can be correlated with environmental differences. Although beginning as small agricultural communities occupying a variety of ecological niches in the humid tropics of Mesoamerica, the ancient Maya became an increasingly complex set of societies involved in intensive and extensive resource exploitation. Their development process was not linear, but also involved periods of rapid growth that were punctuated by contractions. Thus, the long-term development and disintegration of Maya geopolitical institutions presents an excellent vantage from which to study resilience, vulnerability, and the consequences of decision-making in ancient complex societies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Resilience and Vulnerability of Ancient Landscapes
Subtitle of host publication Transforming Maya Archaeology through IHOPE
Place of PublicationHoboken
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Pages11-29
Number of pages19
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2014

Keywords

  • Archaeology
  • Environment
  • Maya
  • Sustainability
  • Variability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology

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  • Cite this

    Lucero, L. J., Chase, A., Scarborough, V., Chase, D., Cobos, R., Dunning, N., Fedick, S., Fialko, V., Gunn, J., Hegmon, M., Iannone, G., Lentz, D., Liendo, R., Prufer, K., Sabloff, J., Tainter, J., Valdez, F., & van der Leeuw, S. (2014). Tropical landscapes and the Ancient Maya: Diversity in time and space. In The Resilience and Vulnerability of Ancient Landscapes: Transforming Maya Archaeology through IHOPE (pp. 11-29). Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1111/apaa.12026