Triangulation in evaluation: Design and Analysis Issues

Jennifer Greene, Charles Mcclintock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


More effective use of mixed-methods evaluation designs employing quantitative and qualitative methods requires clarification of important design and analysis issues. Design needs include assessments of the relative costs and benefits of alternative mixed-methods designs, which can be differentiated by the independence of the different methods and their sequential or concurrent implementation. The evaluation reported herein illustrates an independent, concurrent mixed-method design and highlights its significant triangulation benefits. Strategies for analyzing quantitative and qualitative results are further needed. Underlying this analysis challenge is the issue of cross-paradigm triangulation. A comment on this issue is provided, in conjunction with several triangulation analysis strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)523-545
Number of pages23
JournalEvaluation Review
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 1985
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • General Social Sciences


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