Treatment of produced water from an oilfield and selected coal mines in the Illinois Basin

Seyed A. Dastgheib, Chad Knutson, Yaning Yang, Hafiz H. Salih

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


If large-scale CO2 sequestration operations are implemented in oilfields or coal mines, large volumes of water (i.e., produced water) could potentially be generated that would need to be properly managed. In this work, produced water samples with total dissolved solids (TDS) values of 18,000–102,000 mg/L (ppm) were collected from an oilfield, a coal-bed methane field, and a coal mine in the Illinois Basin of the United States and were treated by selected conventional pretreatment processes followed by a reverse osmosis desalination process. Pretreatment processes included coagulation by lime, ferric chloride, or aluminum sulfate; filtration by sand, walnut shells, anthracite coal, or microfiltration; and adsorption by organoclay, activated carbon, or ion-exchange resins. Selected pretreatment processes were sufficient for removing most of the contaminants, but the high sodium background of the high-TDS produced water (102,000 ppm) limited the effectiveness of the ion-exchange pretreatment in removing scale-forming species. Reverse osmosis was a practical process for desalination of pretreated produced water samples tested (by reducing the TDS more than 96%) except for the high-TDS produced water. Reported bench-scale produced water treatment data might be beneficial for the design and operation of pilot-scale plants for treating produced waters with similar properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)513-523
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016


  • Carbon sequestration
  • Desalination
  • Pretreatment
  • Produced water
  • Reverse osmosis
  • Water treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • General Energy
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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