Treatment of canine cranial cruciate ligament disease: A survey of ACVS Diplomates and primary care veterinarians

Felix M. Duerr, K. W. Martin, M. Rishniw, R. H. Palmer, L. E. Selmic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To describe veterinarians’ treatment recommendations and decision-making factors for dogs with cranial cruciate ligament disease (CCLD).

Methods: An online survey of American College of Veterinary Surgeons (ACVS)-Diplomates (surgeon group) and primary care veterinarians (practitioner group) was performed. The survey included questions on treatment recommendations for common case scenarios (small or large breed dog with complete or partial CCLD), treatment decision factors, non-surgical treatment options, and actual treatment, if any, provided for a client-owned dog as well as one owned by their family or close friend.

Results: The response rate was 42% for the surgeon group (n = 305/723) and four percent for the practitioner group (n = 1145/ 27,771). Extracapsular stabilization (ES) was the most common treatment recommendation for CCLD in small (9.1 kg) breed dogs amongst surgeons and practitioners. Tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) was the most common treatment recommendation for CCLD in large (27.2 kg) breed dogs amongst both groups. The two most important treatment decision factors were dog size (78% of practitioners, 69% of surgeons) and activity level (63% of practitioners, 52% of surgeons). The most common treatment provided for a dog of their own or close relation in the surgeon group was TPLO (64%) followed by ES (15%), whereas in the practitioner group it was ES (38%) followed by TPLO (30%).

Clinical significance: Extracapsular stabilization and TPLO are the most commonly employed surgical procedures in the surveyed population; dog size and activity level (but not age) are the major factors influencing treatment decisions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)478-483
Number of pages6
JournalVeterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Volume27
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Cranial cruciate disease
  • Extracapsular stabilization
  • Online survey
  • TPLO
  • Tibial plateau levelling osteotomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary(all)

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